Events in Retrospect
Step by step towards the Enscription as World Heritage. A lecture series in Mainz, Worms and Speyer in January and February 2019
In 2004 an initiative started, promoted by the mayor of the city of Worms, Michael Kissel, with the Jewish Community of Mainz and the association Warmaisa, to recognize the SchUM-sites as World Heritage Site. Since 2006, the State of Rhineland-Palatinate works intensively on this task - together with the three cities, the Jewish Community Mainz, the National Association of Jewish Communities of Rhineland-Palatinate and the Jewish Community of Rheinpfalz. They aim that the unique monuments and their inspiring and influencing architecture to be listed as UNESCO World Heritage. In January 2020, the application will be submitted to UNESCO. A year before this, representatives from various institutions explained the current status of the proposal and underlined the importance of SchUM - the monuments, but also of the intangible heritage.
The first event - held in Mainz - was opened by Minister Prof. Dr. Konrad Wolf: »After many years of preparation and meticulous detail work, we are now on the home straight. In September this year, we will present the UNESCO World Heritage Application for the Schum sites for completeness review ... The present results of the scientific expertise confirm our assessment that the ShUM-Sites are an exceptional World Heritage in Rhineland-Palatinate.« Dr. Stefanie Hahn (Ministry) underlined: »In no other place in Europe is there a comparable spectrum of Jewish monuments and sites from the 10th to the 13th century. They illustrate the cultural achievements of European Jews in the formation phase of Ashkenazi Jewry in a special way.« Prof. Matthias Untermann from the University of Heidelberg and Dr. Christoph Cluse from the University of Trier reported on the scientific theses of the application. Dr. Peter Waldmann of the Jewish Community Mainz: »There is a Jewish story beyond the Shoah.« ShUM, however, is »not a history of harmony, nor is it a story of the wonderful life between Jews and Christians.«
The public interest was extremely large and also highlights the curiosity about these outstanding monuments and the Jewish life in past and present. Venues for the series of lectures organized by the Ministry of Science, Further Education and Culture and the Directorate-General for Cultural Heritage in Mainz were the Landesmuseum and in Worms the Worms Congress Center.
Lecture in Wiener Library, London, January 30, 2019
In the context of the exhibition »Shattered« on the Novemberpogroms 1938, Susanne Urban was invited to give a lecture.
Remembering and analyzing the so-called Crystal Night, the Pogroms from November 1938, is important as it touches upon many layers. The night when synagogues were set on fire, the mornings when everyone could see and smell what happened, these days were also the next step towards mass deportations – after the deportations of Polish Jews from Germany in the end of October 1938. The pogroms had a huge impact on the spaces and places where synagogues were desecrated, burnt and then finally torn down and removed from the city structure, the city’s image and the city’s commemoration. The pogroms were a turning point and a further escalation in German politics, which the Jewish World will remember forever. The burning synagogues are, much more than the thousands of shops, flats and community buildings, that were destroyed and vandalized, an iconographic reminder of this turning point. Immersing into the History of Worms Synagogue, its grandeur in the past, its destruction and how and why and by whom it was rebuilt is also a glimpse into the brightest and darkest eras of Germen-Jewish History and how Germany acted Post-Shoah - which was presented in the lecture in a multiperspective way.
European days of Jewish Culture, September 1, 2019
Since 1999, the »European Association for the Preservation and Promotion of Jewish Culture and Heritage« has coordinated the European Day of Jewish Culture under an annually changing motto. To mark its 20th anniversary in 2019, each coordinating body is to issue its own leitmotif to reflect the diversity of European Jewry.
Our motto for 2019 was: »And action! Your statement for ShuM«
The unique monuments and the outstanding immaterial heritage of the former ShUM communities were our spotlight in 2019. The unique ShUM-Sites shall be enlisted as UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites. The application is on the final meters - the nomination dossier will be handed over to UNESCO in Paris in January 2020.
On the European Day of Jewish Culture we have involved you and you have cast your vote for SchUM.
Now the statements will be cut into a clip and will be uploaded in late autumn 2019 on our website and on the YouTube channel of the SchUM-Städte e.V.
Exhibition in the former Synagogue Kitzingen, September 5, 2019
SchUM-Städte e.V. in Kitzingen: its exhibition on Wine and Judaism opened on 5 September in the former synagogue in Kitzingen and continued until 26 September.
In addition to the exhibition of the SchUM-Städte e.V. the Förderverein of the former synagogue Kitzingen showed own exhibition panels about the Jewish history in Kitzingen. In 1906, the town counted 52 Jewish and 50 Christian wine merchants. The Jewish wine merchants contributed to the economic development and helped Kitzingen to become a wine trading centre. The economic development by the Jewish wine merchants can be explained by their innovative advertising strategies, ambition, discipline and the search for new markets. One of the most famous names in the Jewish wine trade at the beginning of the 20th century is Max Fromm. With 90 employees, wine wholesale was the leading top in the Kitzinger wine trade. Fromm was also one of the main initiators of the Bocksbeute distribution of Franconian winery owners. They had made the Bocksbeutel the trademark of Franconian wine. More than 1,200 visitors were counted in Kitzingen.
Contributions to the Jewish Cultural Days in Mainz and Worms, October 2019
Two contributions by SchUM-Städte e.V. to the Jewish Cultural Days in Mainz and Worms dealt with very different perspectives on ShUM.
In Mainz we traced the followed the traces of ShUM still known today and anchored in the Jewish tradition - from the Golem to the Unetane Tokef and the version by Leonard Cohen. Thanks to the Jewish Community Mainz for their hospitality in the New Synagogue.
In Worms, the audience participated with great commitment, with their own ideas and ideas for the digital and museum communication of the ShUM heritage.