Information for your visit in ShUM

    down

    Welcome to the ShUM cities

    Welcome to the SchUM cities - welcome to the Jewish heritage on the Rhine!

    We are pleased that you are interested in visiting the ShUM-cities and the Jewish medieval monuments. We welcome you to the cities of Speyer, Worms and Mainz - Shalom!

    With this website, we would like to offer you the opportunity to inform yourself about all interesting and important aspects before you visit the ShUM-sites. We give you information about the places of interest, opening times, admission fees, travel directions and ticket booking options. With our online offer, you can already start planning your journey before your arrival. The website is printable. To do this, please use the print button.

    ShUM ם“שו

    The Jewish communities in the cities of Speyer, Worms and Mainz along the Rhine formed an alliance in the middle Ages that profoundly influenced the architecture, culture, religion and jurisprudence of the Central and Eastern European Jewish worlds in Ashkenaz. Monuments - synagogues, cemeteries and ritual baths - together with the religious tradition, prove the immense importance of the ShUM-Cities and sites. Visit the Jewish heritage on the Rhine and experience the Century-old history of ShUM dating back to the 10th/11th century.

    Discover the places that will hopefully be granted World Heritage status by UNESCO in 2021.

    Immerse yourself in more than 900 years of Jewish tradition.

    Learn about the many facets of the brightest and darkest periods of German-Jewish history. It were centuries between tradition and innovation, massacres during the Crusades, medieval pogroms, but also the rooting of Jews in »Jerusalem on the Rhine«, acculturation and emancipation up to the Holocaust and the rebuilding of the synagogue in Worms after 1957.

    The association SchUM-Städte e.V. is involved in the joint public activities of the ShUM-Cities and sites, for example through lecture series and exhibitions or educational materials. In addition, the association contributes to the application of the ShUM-sites for recognition as UNESCO World Heritage.

    Information on the touristic possibilities of the Shum-Sites such as accommodation, bookings of guided tours and much more, you will receive from the competent colleagues of the Tourist-Information Speyer, the Tourist Information Worms and the Tourist Service Center Mainz.

    Speyer – SchPIRA

    Judenhof (Jewish Community Compound) with Synagogue and Mikveh

    Access through the museum SchPIRA

    The SchPIRA Museum was opened in 2010 and displays archaeological relics of the three main pillars of the Jewish community: synagogue, ritual bath, and cemetery. The objects come from the Judaica Collection of the Historical Museum of the Palatinate and the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments. Among other relics, tombstones, architectural elements and floor tiles of the synagogue as well as coins from the »Treasure of Lingenfeld« are shown. The museum also serves as the entrance and thus the preparation for the area of the »Judenhof«, where you find the remains of the medieval Synagogue and the Mikveh.

    Through the Museum SchPIRA you reach the so-called Judenhof, an enclosed compound within the city. There you find the impressive towering remains of the medieval Synagogue and the excellently preserved Mikveh. The ritual bath was built at the beginning of the 12th century and is the oldest known monumental Mikveh, with a unique construction in Europe. The remains of the 1104 dedicated synagogue are considered the best-preserved synagogue of the 12th century in Europe. The women's synagogue from the middle of the 13th century was built after the Worms Community had established the first ever known women's synagogue.

    Address and contact

    Kleine Pfaffengasse 20/21
    67346 Speyer
    Telefon: +49 (0)6232 291971

    Tourist-Information Speyer
    E-Mail: touristinformation@stadt-speyer.de
    Website: Speyer Tourismus

    Verkehrsverein Speyer
    E-Mail: info@verkehrsverein-speyer.de
    Website: Website Verkehrsverein Speyer

    Opening Hours

    November to March
    Tuesday to Sunday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

    April to October
    Monday to Sunday 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    Admission

    • Adults € 3,-
    • Reduced € 1,50
    • Children up to age 10: free entrance
    • Families € 7,-
    • Participants of Guided City Tours do not pay an entrance fee into the Judenhof.

    Guided Tours for Groups in the Judenhof:
    Maximum 25 individuals, duration ca. one hour, € 59,- including entrance into the museum SchPIRA
    Bookings online or through the Tourist-Information Speyer.

    Öffentliche Führungen »Jüdisches Leben in Speyer«

    Meeting point: in front of the Main Portal of the Cathedral (Domplatz 1)
    Dates: each 3rd Sunday from March to October at 11 a.m.

    Admissions

    • Adults: € 8,- / Reduction with SpeyerCARD: € 6,-
    • Pupils, Students, Handicapped: € 6,-
    • Families: € 16,-
    • Children up to age 10 don’t pay a fee.
    • Individual Guided Tours for groups can be booked separately.

    Information about dates and booking possibilities you get through the Tourist-Information Speyer.

    Address, Contact, Bookings
    Tourist-Information Speyer
    Maximilianstraße 13
    67346 Speyer

    Phone: + 49 (0)6232 142392
    E-Mail: touristinformation@stadt-speyer.de
    Website: www.speyer.de
    Website: www.speyer.de/sv_speyer/de/Tourismus/Service/Kontakt
    Website: www.speyer.de/sv_speyer/de/Tourismus/Aktivitäten + Führungen

    Opening Hours of Tourist-Information
    November to March:
    Monday to Friday 9 a.m. to 5 p.m., Saturday 10 a.m. to noon.

    April to October:
    Monday to Friday 9 a.m. to 5 p.m, Saturday 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    Sundays and holidays: 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

    Worms - WARMAISA

    Synagogue

    Already in 1034, a synagogue was built in Worms. During the crusade pogroms in 1096, it was destroyed. Around 1174 a new Synagogue was built. The men's prayer hall in Worms was the first two-span synagogue in Ashkenaz, which means that the Bimah was placed between two columns dividing the inner space. It served as a model for many synagogues in Europe, such as for Regensburg, Vienna, Prague and Krakow. In 1212/13, the first ever known women's synagogue in Europe was built as an extension. In the November pogrom of 1938, the synagogue was almost completely destroyed. Already in the 1950s, an initiative started to rebuild the Synagogue. The rebuilt Worms Synagogue, reopened in 1961 under great media interest. The process was accompanied by discussions about the meaning of a synagogue without a Jewish community.

    The Jewish Community of Mainz is the owner. On Jewish holidays and on Shabbat services are taking place.

    In addition, in the synagogue events such as concerts are taking place.

    Information under: www.jgmainz.de

    Important note:
    For religious reasons, male Jews always wear headgear in the synagogue. We therefore generally ask male visitors to wear a headgear as well. This does not have to be a kippa, it's fine to wear a hat, a cap or a baseball cap. Without a headgear, a visit for male guests is not possible.

    Address

    Synagogenplatz
    67547 Worms

    Free entrance.

    Opening hours Synagoge and Community Compound

    November to March:
    daily, 10 a.m. to noon, 2 p.m. to 4 p.m.

    April to October: daily,
    10 a.m. to noon, 1.30 p.m. to 5 p.m.

    During some public holidays, the Synagogue is closed, pleased do inform yourself under: www.worms.de

    Mikveh

    The Mikveh in Worms, which dates back to 1185/86, was built after the model of the ritual bath in Speyer. It is similar in construction, but a bit smaller. By a staircase dwindling down, one reaches an anteroom, from which another staircase leads down to the plunge pool.

    Unfortunately, the Mikwe in Worms had to be closed in November 2016 due to building research and subsequent renovation work. You can experience a visit through a website.

    In addition, an app will be on your service form ca. the end of 2019 on to open up the Mikveh virtually.

    Jewish Museum in »Rashi-House«

    The Jewish Museum in the Rashi-House in which also the City Archive is located, displays a permanent exhibition with explanations and exhibits on Jewish history from the middle Ages to the Holocaust. Some of the Judaica was shown in the pre-war Community Museum, which was destroyed in the Pogrom in November 1938.

    Important note
    From 2019, a new exhibition is curated that focuses on the topic of ShUM. Therefore, from autumn 2019 on the access to the museum will be probably closed or limited. The new exhibition is expected to be opened from autumn 2020 on.

    Address and Contact

    Jüdisches Museum Worms
    Hintere Judengasse 6
    67547 Worms

    Phone: +49 (0) 6241 853 4701
    E-Mail: stadtarchiv@worms.de
    Website: www.worms.de/juedisches-museum-EN

    Opening Hours of the Jewish Museum

    November to March:
    Tuesday to Sunday 10 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and 1:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m.

    April to October:
    Dienstag bis Sonntag 10 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. and 1:30 p.m. to 5 p.m.

    Mondays closed.

    Admissions

    • Adults: € 1,50
    • Children: € 0,80

    Groups from 10 individuals on:

    • Adults: € 1,-
    • Children/ pupils: € 0,50

    We advise groups to let us know the date and time of their visit in advance:
    +49 (0) 62 41 8 53 47 01 or
    stadtarchiv@worms.de

    Jewish cemetery Heiliger Sand

    The Jewish cemetery Heiliger Sand in Worms is the oldest in situ preserved Jewish cemetery in Europe, dating back to the middle of the 11th century. There are around 2,500 tombstones, of which about 600 are from the middle Ages. The oldest still legible tombstone dates from 1058/59. Among the most famous figures buried on the cemetery are Rabbi Meir of Rothenburg, called MaHaRam (died 1293), Alexander ben Salomon Wimpfen and Rabbi Jacob ben Moses haLevi, called MaHaRil (died 1427).

    Important note:
    For religious reasons, male Jews always wear headgear in the synagogue. We therefore generally ask male visitors to wear a headgear as well. This does not have to be a kippa, it's fine to wear a hat, a cap or a baseball cap. Without a headgear, a visit for male guests is not possible.
    Please do not leave the paths and respect the Halakha, the Jewish religious laws with respect to the dead. The path leads you along the medieval area to the newer part of the cemetery. From there you have a wonderful view of the entire area and the famous Rabbinic Valley; you will pass also the »Martin Buber-View«.

    Adress

    Willy-Brandt-Ring 21
    67547 Worms

    Free entrance.

    Opening Hours of the Cemetery

    April to September
    Sunday to Friday 8 a.m. to 8 p.m.

    October to March
    Sunday to Friday, 8 a.m. to 4.30 p.m.

    On Saturdays (Shabbat) and Jewish Holidays, the Cemetery is closed.
    Please do inform yourself on Jewish Holidays under: www.hebcal.com/holidays

    Closed also on Christmas, 31st December, New Year’s day and Good Friday.
    Short-term closings can occur; please do inform yourself on the bulletin in the forecourt of the cemetery.

    Guided tours, bookable through the Touristinformation

    All tours through Jewish Worms are bookable for groups upon prior written booking which includes the desired date. Bookable also in the following languages: English, French, Spanish, Italian, Hebrew.

    Public tour »Jewish Worms«
    Key aspects of this tour are the Jewish quarter with synagogue, Judengasse and the Jewish Museum in Rashi-Haus.

    Dates: April to October on the 1st Sunday of the month, 10.30 a.m.,
    Charge: € 6, -; Tickets are given out by the tour guide.
    Meeting point: In front of the Synagogue, Synagogenplatz;
    prior registration is not required.

    Bookable under e.g.: www.ticket-regional.de

    Public Tour Jewish Cemetery Heiliger Sand
    April to November, Friday, 11 a.m.,
    Charge: € 6,-; Tickets are given out by the tour guide.
    Meeting point: forecourt Jewish cemetery (not on Jewish holidays); prior registration is not required.

    Information and Booking
    WfG für die Stadt Worms mbH
    Geschäftsbereich Tourismus
    Neumarkt 14
    67547 Worms

    Phone: Tel: +49 (0)6241 853 7306
    E-Mail: touristinfo@worms.de
    Website: www.touristinfo-worms.de

    Opening Hours of the Touristinformation
    November to March:
    Monday to Friday 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    April to October:
    Monday to Friday 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.

    Saturdays, Sundays and Holidays: 10 a.m. to 2 p.m.

    Mainz - MAGENZA

    Cemetery »Judensand« and Memorial Cemetery

    The Memorial Cemetery on the compound of the medieval Jewish cemetery »Judensand« is owned by the Jewish Community Mainz. The cemetery is currently not open to the public.
    The outstanding Memorial Cemetery was constructed in 1926 from Jewish gravestones that were repeatedly found during construction works througout the city. They were taken away from the cemetery in the previous centuries, after persecutions, for construction purposes. The cemetery is unique in Europe. The Memorial Cemetery was created on an area that belonged to the Jewish cemetery already in the middle Ages, but after the expulsion of the Jews from Mainz the ground was designated to another use. Where exactly the medieval burial grounds are located could not be determined after the repurchase of the area by the Jewish Community Mainz in 1925.
    In order not to disturb the peace of the dead, Jewish Religious Law does not allow walking over tombs. Therefore, the Memorial Cemetery is not available for tours and visits.
    There are medium to long-term plans to make the gravestones more visible through a platform and digital access and to open the newer part of the cemetery alongside Mombacher Straße.

    If you are interested in visiting the spectacular New Synagogue with its architectural language inspired by the great tradition of SchUM, the Jewish community Mainz is your contact.

    Address and Contact

    Jüdische Gemeinde Mainz
    Synagogenplatz
    (Corner Hindenburgstraße / Josefsstraße)
    55118 Mainz

    Phone: +49 (0)6131 2108800
    E-Mail: info@jgmainz.de

    Touristic Information and Contact

    Tourist Service Center Mainz
    Brückenturm
    Rheinstraße 55
    55116 Mainz

    E-Mail: tourist@mainzplus.com
    Phone: +49 (0)6131 242888
    Website: www.mainz-tourismus.com
    Website: www.mainz.de/tourismus/tsc/tourist-service-center.php

    Opening Hours of the Tourist Service Center Mainz at Brückenturm Mainz
    November to March:
    Monday to Friday 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Saturday 10 a.m. to 3 p.m.

    April to October:
    Monday to Friday 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Saturday 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.

    Closed on Sundays and Holidays.

    Tourist Service Center Mainz in Landesmuseum Mainz

    Große Bleiche 49-51
    55116 Mainz
    Phone: +49 (0)6131-2857-191
    E-Mail: tourist@mainzplus.com
    Website: www.mainz-tourismus.com

    Opening Hours
    Tuesday: 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
    Wednesdays to Sundays: 10 a.m. to 5 p.m.

    Closed on Mondays, please do inform yourself regarding holidays.

    Guided Tours

    Guided Tours for Groups
    »Magenza, the Jewish Mainz – one of the ShUm-Cities«

    Tourist Service Center Mainz
    Meeting Point: will be named during booking process

    Charge: € 95,-, Duration: 2 hours, maximum 30 individuals.

    Phone: +49 (0)6131 242827
    E-Mail: tourist@mainzplus.com
    Website: www.mainz-tourismus.com

    Guided Tours for Individuals
    »Magenza: Jewish Mainz«

    City Tour focusing on Jewish History
    Tourist Service Center Mainz

    Meeting Point: Tourist Service Center Mainz, Brückenturm, Rheinstraße 55, 55116 Mainz

    Charge per person: € 10,-, reduced such as for elderly € 5,-

    Phone: +49 (0)6131 242827
    E-Mail: tourist@mainzplus.com
    Website: www.mainz-tourismus.com

    Traffic connections

    By Train

    The lines S6 and RE4 / 4474 serve the route Speyer - Worms - Mainz

    • Between Speyer and Worms about 35 minutes.
    • Between Worms and Mainz about 30 to 35 minutes
    • Between Speyer and Mainz about 1 to 1.5 hours.

    Individual sections can be traveled in addition by other lines.
    Website: www.bahn.de

    By Car

    Speyer <> Mainz

    • A 61 to motorway junction Alzey, then A 63, approx. 75 minutes
    • A 6, A 67, A 60, about 75 minutes

    Speyer <> Worms

    • A 61, about 45 minutes
    • B 9, about 45 minutes

    Worms <> Mainz

    • A 61 to motorway junction Alzey, then A 63 or vice versa, approx. 45 minutes
    • B 9 about 45 minutes to 1 hour

    Parking in Speyer

    • Parking Festplatz or Parking Zentrum.
    • Bus parking at Festplatz.

    Parking in Worms

    • There are signs that lead you to the parking possibilities.
    • Synagogue district: Parking Kaiser Passage.
    • Cemetery: Parking The Wormser or Parking Am Theater.
    • Parking on the Festplatz on the Rhine (except for events) is free!
    • Bus parking at Festplatz / Barbarossaplatz.

    Parking in Mainz

    • Downtown: Parkhaus Am Brand, Parkhaus Rheinufer, Parkhaus Römisches Theater and Parkhaus Wallstraße.
    • New Synagogue: Parkplatz Schloss oder Parkhaus Bleiche.
    • Bus parking: Bus lane at the Hilton (parking duration max 3 h).

    Information for Jewish guests

    There are no known kosher restaurants in any of the three ShUM-Cities, or hotels and holiday apartments. which follow the Kashrut.

    Many restaurants offer vegetarian or even vegan food.

    A kosher list is available at:
    Orthodox Rabbinical Conference of Germany
    Roonstr. 50
    50674 Cologne
    Phone: +49 (0) 221 92 15 60 20
    Fax: +49 (0) 221 92 15 60 19
    E-Mail: info@ordonline.de

    Online available at: ord.feldmann-web-und-mehr.de/wordpress/koscherliste; ord.feldmann-web-und-mehr.de/wordpress

    Further services and information on Jewish life in Germany: https://www.zentralratderjuden.de/